Diwali Essay in English | Essay on Diwali | Deepavali Essay

Diwali Essay for Students and Children

An Overview of the Diwali Celebration:

Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is a highly anticipated and culturally significant festival celebrated in India and by the Indian diaspora across the globe. It is a five-day extravaganza that usually falls in October or November, based on the Hindu lunar calendar. Diwali is a festival of lights and joy, symbolizing the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil. The festival brings together families, friends, and communities, fostering a sense of unity and togetherness.

During Diwali, homes are cleaned and decorated with rangoli designs and vibrant lights to welcome Goddess Lakshmi, the deity of wealth and prosperity. People dress in new clothes, and special delicacies and sweets are prepared. Fireworks light up the night sky, creating a spectacular display of colors and patterns. The exchange of gifts and sweets strengthens bonds and spreads happiness. Diwali is also a time to give back to society through charitable acts and donations.

How is Diwali Celebrated in India? Diwali is a time for families to come together and rejoice. The celebrations begin with thorough cleaning and decorating of homes to welcome the goddess of wealth, Goddess Lakshmi. Vibrant rangoli designs adorn doorsteps, and intricate decorations embellish houses and temples. People dress in new clothes, visit relatives and friends, exchange gifts, and share festive meals. The night sky comes alive with dazzling fireworks and firecrackers, adding to the joyous ambiance.

Rituals and Traditions of Diwali:

Diwali is steeped in a rich tapestry of rituals and traditions that vary across different regions of India. One of the main rituals is the lighting of diyas (oil lamps) and candles, which symbolizes the victory of light over darkness and the dispelling of ignorance. These lamps are placed in homes, temples, and streets, creating a warm and inviting ambiance. Rangoli, intricate patterns made with colored powders or flowers, adorn the entrances of homes, inviting prosperity and good fortune.

Puja (worship) is an integral part of Diwali celebrations. Families gather to offer prayers to Goddess Lakshmi, seeking her blessings for wealth, prosperity, and well-being. Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles, is also worshipped during Diwali. The puja involves chanting of hymns, performing rituals with flowers, incense, and offerings, and seeking the divine blessings.

Firecrackers and fireworks are a common sight during Diwali. While these activities add to the festive spirit, there is growing awareness about their environmental impact and the risks they pose to health and safety. It is important to celebrate responsibly and choose eco-friendly alternatives to minimize the negative effects on the environment.

Exchanging gifts and sweets is a cherished tradition during Diwali. People visit relatives and friends, exchange greetings, and offer gifts as a symbol of love and appreciation. Sweets, such as ladoos and barfis, are prepared and shared, signifying the sweetness of relationships.

Diwali essay

5 Days Celebration of Diwali:

Diwali is not just a one-day festival; it is a celebration that spans five days. Each day has its own significance and rituals, adding depth to the festive experience.


The first day of Diwali is known as Dhanteras. It is dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kubera, the god of wealth. People buy new items, especially gold and silver, as a sign of prosperity. This day is considered auspicious for starting new ventures or making significant purchases.

Naraka Chaturdashi/Choti Diwali:

The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi, also known as Choti Diwali. It marks the triumph of Lord Krishna over the demon Narakasura. This day is associated with early morning cleansing rituals and applying fragrant oils to the body. It is believed to cleanse the mind, body, and soul.

Diwali/Lakshmi Puja:

The third day is the main day of Diwali, dedicated to the worship of Goddess Lakshmi. Families gather for elaborate puja rituals, seeking blessings for prosperity and well-being. Homes are beautifully decorated, and lamps are lit to welcome the goddess. Fireworks light up the sky, and feasts are prepared and shared.

Govardhan Puja:

The fourth day of Diwali is known as Govardhan Puja. It commemorates Lord Krishna’s act of saving the people of Gokul from the wrath of Lord Indra, the god of rain and thunder. A small hill of food is created to represent the Govardhan hill, and prayers are offered to Lord Krishna. This day emphasizes the importance of nature, gratitude, and the protection of animals.

Bhai Dooj:

The fifth and final day of Diwali is Bhai Dooj. It celebrates the bond between brothers and sisters. Sisters apply tilak (a mark) on their brothers’ foreheads, perform aarti (a ritual of waving a lamp), and pray for their brothers’ well-being. Gifts are exchanged, and families come together to celebrate the special sibling relationship.

Significance of Diwali Celebration:

Diwali holds immense significance on various levels. It is a time to celebrate the victory of good over evil, righteousness over injustice. The festival represents the triumph of light over darkness and the power of knowledge to dispel ignorance. The lighting of diyas signifies the eradication of darkness and the awakening of inner light. Diwali is a reminder to embrace positivity, kindness, and compassion in our lives.

Diwali is also associated with wealth and prosperity. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi visits homes that are clean, decorated, and well-lit, bringing fortune and abundance. People perform puja rituals to seek her blessings for financial well-being and success in endeavors.

The festival also signifies a new beginning. Diwali marks the start of a new financial year in many businesses and industries. It is a time to assess past performances, set new goals, and embark on fresh ventures. It serves as a reminder to let go of negativity, forgive others, and embrace positivity and optimism.

Historical Significance of Diwali:

Diwali has historical roots in ancient Indian legends and mythology. One prominent legend is the return of Lord Rama, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, to the kingdom of Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and his victory over the demon king Ravana. The people of Ayodhya welcomed Lord Rama by lighting diyas, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil and the restoration of righteousness. The celebration of Diwali marks this historic event, highlighting the importance of upholding values, courage, and righteousness in the face of adversity.


Another legend associated with Diwali is the story of Lord Krishna defeating the demon king Narakasura. Lord Krishna liberated the people of his kingdom from Narakasura’s tyranny, bringing peace and justice. This event is commemorated on the second day of Diwali as Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali.

Religious Significance of Diwali:

For Hindus, Diwali is a deeply religious festival associated with various deities and has unique religious connotations in different regions of India. The festival is predominantly dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, prosperity, and abundance. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped with devotion and gratitude, seeking her blessings for material and spiritual prosperity.

Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles and the god of wisdom, is also worshipped during Diwali. It is believed that seeking Lord Ganesha’s blessings before any auspicious occasion brings success and removes hurdles.

In some regions, Diwali is associated with the worship of Goddess Kali, who represents power and the destruction of evil forces. The festival also has a special significance for the Jain and Sikh communities, marking important events from their religious history.

Cultural Significance of Diwali:

Diwali is not just a religious festival; it is deeply rooted in Indian culture and traditions. It transcends religious boundaries and is celebrated by people of various faiths, fostering unity and communal harmony. The festival promotes cultural exchange and understanding among different communities.

Diwali is a time for families to come together, share joy, and strengthen bonds. It is a time for forgiveness and reconciliation, where people let go of past grievances and start anew. The exchange of gifts and sweets symbolizes love, appreciation, and the spirit of giving.

The festival is also an opportunity to showcase the rich cultural heritage of India. Traditional dances, music, and performances are organized during Diwali, showcasing the diversity and beauty of Indian art forms. People dress in vibrant traditional attire, adding to the festive atmosphere.

Effects of Festival Diwali on the Environment:

While Diwali is a time of celebration and joy, it is essential to be mindful of its impact on the environment. The bursting of firecrackers and fireworks during Diwali leads to air pollution and noise pollution, which can have adverse effects on human health, particularly for those with respiratory conditions. The smoke and pollutants released during fireworks contribute to increased air pollution levels, leading to respiratory problems and exacerbating existing health issues.

Free vector happy diwali festival firework celebration

The use of firecrackers also has a detrimental effect on the environment. The chemicals and heavy metals present in firecrackers can contaminate soil and water sources, posing a threat to ecosystems. The noise pollution caused by loud fireworks can disturb animals and pets, causing stress and anxiety.

To address these concerns, there has been a growing awareness about celebrating an eco-friendly Diwali. People are encouraged to opt for alternative ways of celebration, such as lighting diyas and candles instead of firecrackers. Eco-friendly fireworks, made from natural materials and without harmful chemicals, are being promoted as a safer and greener option.


Diwali, the festival of lights, is a time of joy, unity, and spiritual significance. It is a celebration that encompasses rich traditions, rituals, and legends. Diwali brings families together, strengthens relationships, and promotes cultural exchange. The festival signifies the triumph of light over darkness, good over evil, and knowledge over ignorance.

While celebrating Diwali, it is crucial to be mindful of its impact on the environment and take steps to celebrate responsibly. By opting for eco-friendly practices and minimizing the use of firecrackers, we can contribute to a cleaner and healthier environment.

Diwali is not just a religious festival; it is a celebration of life, positivity, and hope. It encourages us to embrace the values of compassion, forgiveness, and gratitude. The festival of Diwali serves as a reminder to illuminate our hearts with love, kindness, and the spirit of giving, not just during the festivities but throughout the year. Let us celebrate Diwali in its true essence, spreading joy and happiness while preserving our cultural heritage and the environment.

As for the 5 days of Diwali celebration in 2023, the dates may vary depending on the Hindu lunar calendar. It would be best to consult a reliable Hindu calendar or an authoritative source closer to the year 2023 to get accurate information on the specific dates for each day of the festival.

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